During the last 50 years of Spanish rule in the Philippines, Nueva Vergara was born as a distinct geopolitical entity. Davao’s history began to be recorded as early as 1848.
In 1868, Nueva Vergara was renamed “Davao”, derived from its Bagobo origins: the Tagabawa who called the river “Dabo”, the Giangan or Diangan who called it “Dawaw”, and the Obo who called it “Davah”. The year 1868 marked a systematic and concerted effort at winning over the native inhabitants to the folds of Christian life, this began with the help of the three Jesuits missionaries who arrived in Davao to take over the mission from the lone Recollect priest in the Gulf area.
In the earlier years of American rule which began in late December 1898, the town becomes the new growth center of the Philippines. The American settlers immediately recognized Davao’s rich potential for agricultural investment. Davao started to be one of the major producers of export products like abaca, copra, and lumber in the first two decades of the 20th century. It became a regular port of call by inter-island shipping throughout the province in addition to numerous stores and business establishments. Davao saw a rapid rise in its population and its economic progress gave considerable importance to the country’s economy and foreign trade.
On October 16,1936, by virtue of Commonwealth Act No. 51 otherwise known as the Charter of the City of Davao, the Municipality of Davao became a city under the sponsorship of the then Assemblyman Romualdo C. Quimpo. The city was inaugurated in March 1, 1937 with Hon. Elpidio Quirino, then the secretary of the Interior as President Quezon’s representative in the celebration program.
The World War II brought devastation to the new city. More lives were lost here than in any other city in the country. Gradually, Davao regained its status as the premier agricultural and the trade center of Mindanao. Logs, lumber, plywood, copra and banana products replaced abaca as the major export products. The City of Davao attained the honor to be called “the Melting Pot of the Philippines”. They play a big role in reaching out to supplement the government’s activities to realize Davao’s thrust as the new Gateway of the Philippines.
On its 75th year, the City of Davao looks forward to accelerating further its economic development. As it had always been in the past, the city is blessed with a variety of picturesque landscapes and numerous ethnic tribes continue to live as they did centuries ago. Indeed, a city that’s bustling yet peaceful, modern yet rustic.
Kadayawan Festival – Derived from the Mandaya word “madayaw”, a warm and friendly greeting used to explain a thing that is valuable, beautiful, superior, good or profitable. In 1988, it was renamed as “Kadayawan sa Davao”. The festival honors the city’s richness, diverse artistic, cultural and historical heritage in a grand celebration of thanksgiving for all of Davao City’s blessings.
Waling-Waling – It is described as the “Queen of the Philippine Orchids”. One of the largest species in the world. It was discovered in Davao at around 1880 by Carl Roebellin, a German Plant explorer. It was named Vanda Sanderiana in 1882 by German Orchid taxonomist Heinrich Gustav Reichenbach. It grows on tree trunks in the rainforests of Davao, Sultan Kudarat and other parts of Mindanao. It blooms only once a year, between July and October.
Mount Apo – It is a volcanic mountain that is located between the provinces of Davao del Sur and North Cotabato in Mindanao, Philippines. It is the country’s highest peak towering at 10,311 feet and the grandfather of all the Philippine mountains.
Philippine Eagle – An eagle of the family Accipitridae that is endemic to forests in the Philippines. It is among the rarest and most powerful birds in the world. It has been declared the Philippine national bird.
Technical Description: Davao City 75th Anniversary Commemorative Stamps
Kind of Issue: Commemorative
Denominations and Quantity: Php7.00 / 150,000 pieces
Date of Issue: March 16, 2012
Last date of Sale: March 15, 2013 (as stocks allow)
Sheet Composition: 40
Size: 40 mm x 30 mm
Printing: Litho offset (4 colors)
Paper: Imported Unwatermarked
Printer: Amstar Company, Inc.
Designer: Davao City 75th Anniversary Committee
Photos: City Tourism Office of Davao
Lay-out Artist: Victorino Z. Serevo
Design Coordinators: Atty. Lyka Lopez/ Mr. Jason Magnaye
Stamp Design 1:
Façade of the City Hall with the anniversary logo;
Stamp Design 2:
Kadayawan Festival, The King of all Festivals known to Davaoenos;
Stamp Design 3:
Davao City is famous for its Waling-waling orchid
Stamp Design 4:
Mt. Apo, the Philippines’ highest mountain and home or nestling ground of the Philippine Eagle (Pithecophaga jefferyi)